Meningitis, sometimes referred to as spinal meningitis, is an inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.  Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection, and differs in severity and treatment depending on the cause. Meningitis can be a severe illness and can cause serious consequences, including death. If you suspect you or someone you know may have meningitis, particularly someone vulnerable such as a child, it is important to seek treatment right away, as this can greatly improve the outcome of the illness. Learn to prevent meningitis, recognize its symptoms, and seek appropriate treatment.
4. How is the infection treated?
The infection is treated with antifungal medications administered in a hospital through an IV. Although bacterial meningitis can be treated within a week, fungal meningitis can take much longer, sometime longer than a month. “We have fewer antifungal drugs available and because this whole instance of fungal meningitis is so unusual, there is very little clinical experience,” says Schaffner. The two drugs used to treat fungal meningitis, amphotericin B and voriconazole, can also cause serious side effects like liver and kidney damage and must be monitored meticulously by physicians.