Feifer says that, so long as Putin remains in power, Russia's doping program will continue in some form. "I mean, everything is an arms race for him," he says. But Feifer does think Russia is capable of cleaning up its act. "I think we saw that in the 1990s, even despite Russia's great problems and the corruption and a lot of bad governance, it really was fundamentally changing." And it will change because it must. "Putin's system is unsustainable both politically and economically. It's running the country into the ground. He's not building any infrastructure. The roads are terrible. He's overseeing a massive brain drain, with some of the best and brightest are leaving Russia in droves."