Self-esteem answers the question, “How do I feel about who I am?” We learn
self-esteem in our family of origin; we do not inherit it.
Global self-esteem (about “who we are”) is normally constant. Situational self-
esteem (about what we do) fluctuates, depending on circumstances, roles, and
events. Situational self-esteem can be high at one moment (., at work) and
low the next (., at home).
Low self-esteem is a negative evaluation of oneself. This type of evaluation
usually occurs when some circumstance we encounter in our life touches on our
sensitivities. We personalize the incident and experience physical, emotional, and
cognitive arousal. This is so alarming and confusing that we respond by acting in
a self-defeating or self-destructive manner. When that happens, our actions tend
to be automatic and impulse-driven; we feel upset or emotionally blocked; our
thinking narrows; our self-care deteriorates; we lose our sense of self; we focus
on being in control and become self-absorbed.
The “asking people directly” also does requires more explanation. What they did there was take all the names on the 2016 and 2017 lists and create contrasts between all the pairs starting with the same initial (Alex vs. Arlene, Bonnie vs. Bret, down to Walter vs. Whitney) and have people rate in each of those pairs which hurricane they thought would be the stronger one. They didn’t get a significant difference between ratings of male and female names that way. I myself am not sure that was the best way to judge “explicit” beliefs about gender name differences, though.