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Corticosteroids, often referred to steroids, are a form of anti-inflammatory medicines that are prescribed to treat a range of conditions including arthritis and asthma . These steroid hormones can also be produced by the body. In the body, corticosteroids are produced in the cortex, the outer part of adrenal gland. Naturally occurring corticosteroids aid in suppressing inflammation and autoimmunity while also assisting in breakdown of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Other forms of these steroids help the retention of salts, thus regulating the balance of salt and water in the body. Corticosteroid drugs usually mimic the function of the naturally occurring steroids. People who cannot produce adequate corticosteroids themselves may be prescribed these synthetic steroids.